Homework refers to all assignments that students are expected to complete outside of school hours, such as reading assignments, problem sets, papers, and work on larger or long-term projects, or studying for tests, quizzes and other assessments.
The Howard County Public School System supports students in maintaining and extending their learning. The appropriate design, use, and evaluation of homework assignments, used to inform progress and provide opportunities for independent practice, are part of achieving that goal. We welcome continued feedback on the Homework Guidelines from all stakeholders.
Features of Homework
- Motivational: Teachers will provide homework that is meaningful and motivating and is grounded in and expands upon skills and knowledge students have learned in the classroom.
- Purposeful: Students should understand the purpose of all homework assignments and, as is appropriate for their grade level, be included in the design of assignments to reflect their own interests and experiences.
- Appropriate: Homework should be able to be individualized or differentiated so that all students can experience success in independent completion of assignments. No assignments will require assistance from adult family members. Students with disabilities will be given homework that is appropriate for their present level of performance. Accommodations will be provided as outlined in students’ IEPs and Section 504 Plans on homework.
- Informational: Homework is one tool schools have available to them that allows parents to be included in their child’s day-to-day school experiences.
- Flexible: Assignments can be successfully completed with resources that are readily available within flexible timeframes to accommodate differing student schedules and pace.
Homework will incorporate the following criteria:
- Schools will provide information to parents on the school’s homework procedures, the purpose(s) of homework, and how parents can help monitor, assist, and discuss homework. Each school will communicate this information to parents at the beginning of every school year and make this information readily available throughout the school year.
- Students, parents, and teachers should communicate about scheduled and actual homework completion times to ensure realistic expectations for the completion of assignments.
- Homework will be planned so students see the relationship of their homework to intended learning targets, see meaning in their assignments, have a clear understanding of the procedures and due dates, understand how their homework is evaluated, and understand how they can use feedback on homework to improve understanding. Teaching staff will ensure that students understand the purpose of assignments and how they connect to classroom learning.
- Teachers are legally required to ensure that homework is accommodated/modified as necessary in accordance with students’ IEPs and Section 504 Plans. Classwork and homework accommodations must be provided per students’ IEPs and Section 504 Plans. Students should not be penalized for failure to complete classwork or homework when accommodations are not provided. Universal Design for Learning (UDL) best practices should be used when assigning homework.
- Teachers will check homework, provide feedback on assignments, and return homework to students in order to ensure feedback can be implemented. All homework assignments that are graded will be returned no later than three weeks from due date with the understanding that feedback to students is more meaningful for learning the sooner it is provided. Each school’s administrators will support teachers in the development of clear guidelines for late or missing homework, as well as determine the percentage of students’ grades that can be derived from homework assignments. Homework may be reviewed or evaluated as part of class activities, briefly, but class time should not be used for the completion of homework.
- Students may have more than one teacher. Therefore, teams of teachers will discuss homework activities and projects in order to follow grade level homework duration guidelines. Canvas tools will be made available as one option to help teachers coordinate major projects and exams. Teachers will be understanding of student circumstances and should tailor homework assignments with flexible due dates when possible so that students can complete homework tasks throughout the week based on their individual schedules.
- All students may not have access to electronic communications outside their school building. Therefore, no mandatory assignments are to be given to students electronically when schools are not in session, including during emergency closings. All homework assignments are to be given during the class period and no assignments are to be due before the next time the class meets. In addition, students are not to be required to submit previously assigned work electronically if the due dates occur during emergency closings. Technology may be available to increase efficiency and flexibility in submitting assignments, but will not be required for successful completion. All efforts will be made to give students access to school computers for the completion of assignments.
- County- and state-mandated testing is a legitimate reason for reducing homework assignments.
- There will be no mandatory homework given over the summer nor religious holidays for all grade levels, nor winter or spring breaks for students in grades Pre-K–8. Any work assigned over breaks will be voluntary and non-graded enrichment activities.
- Reading lists and additional resources will be available during the breaks, as well as throughout the school year, as a service to students who want an opportunity to improve reading and mathematics skills. Families will be provided with access to resources to supplement reading and mathematics instruction for students.
Grades Pre-K – 2
- Amount of Homework: No more than 20 minutes of homework per night will be assigned. In Pre-K and Kindergarten there will be no assignments that must be submitted to the teacher.
- Purpose of Homework: Homework provides practice opportunities for skill development.
- Families are encouraged to read to or with their children nightly.
- Families are encouraged to practice grade appropriate math facts or related activities on a nightly basis.
Grades 3 – 5
- Amount of Homework: The benefits of homework increase as students age. For homework duration, approximately one to four hours of homework per week is suggested for each student in Grades 3 – 5, with no more than 30 minutes required per night in grade 3, 40 minutes in grade 4, and 50 minutes in grade 5.
- Purpose of Homework: Homework assignments usually reinforce previously taught skills and may prepare students for future lessons, promote creativity, and/or be a reflection on the student’s day at school.
Grades 6 – 8
- Amount of Homework: Approximately five to eight hours of homework a week are suggested for each middle school student across their class schedule. Each instructor assigns an average of, at most, one hour of homework per week. There may be weeks where less homework is assigned.
- Purpose of Homework: Homework assignments will reinforce curriculum through tasks that contribute to learning and understanding. These may reinforce previously taught skills, prepare students for future lessons, extend learning, promote creativity, and/or be a reflection on the student’s day at school.
- Expectations of Homework: Students will provide input on the best ways to demonstrate or articulate learning and apply skills. Teachers will tailor assignments with flexible due dates when possible so that students can complete homework tasks throughout the week based on their individual schedules.
Grades 9 – 12
- Amount of Homework: An upper limit of seven to fourteen hours of homework a week is suggested for each high school student. Some classes might require students to spend more or less time on homework than is typical.
- Purpose of Homework: Homework will be designed as an extension of classroom learning. Students will be told the purpose(s) of homework assignments. Homework should be reflective, preparatory, reinforcing, and instructive.
- Expectations of Homework: The goals and expectations for homework will be clear and include opportunities for student input. Choice will be a consideration in the assignment of homework duration, rigor, product, and weight in grading. A syllabus is recommended for distribution at the beginning of every semester outlining each course’s requirements, including regular assignments, projects, possible due dates, and procedures for requesting feedback on assignments.
Future Actions on the Homework Guidelines
These guidelines will be effective for the 2017–18 school year, and will be evaluated and refined throughout the year in collaboration with teachers, parents, and students for inclusion in the revisions of Policies 8010 and 8020, Grading and Reporting: PreK–12.
Provide feedback to about homework guidelines the policy committees→
Goals for Homework
• To reinforce classroom instruction
• To develop good work habits, responsibility, self-direction, and organizational skills
• To extend and enrich curricula
• To assess independent work
• To provide parents with an opportunity to become informed about and involved in the child's learning
The time allotted to homework should increase gradually from grade to grade. The time limits are guidelines that should remain flexible. Individual differences among children may be taken into consideration by parents and teachers.
Grade Level Suggested Average Per Day
K Varies based on weekly assignments
1 10-15 minutes
2-3 30-45 minutes
4-5 60-90 minutes
*Teachers require up to 30 minutes of reading time for kindergarten and first grade and a minimum of 30 minutes of reading for second through fifth grades. Reading together with or by an adult may be included in the time.
Types of Homework Assignments
Homework assignments will be consistent in most things, such as mathematics, spelling and reading. Other assignments will vary. There are several types of homework assignments you may expect to see over the course of a year:
Practice homework helps students master skills and reinforce in-class learning. Learning spelling words and completing math worksheets are examples of this type of homework.
Preparation assignments prepare students for an upcoming lesson or quiz. Reading a chapter in preparation for discussion, pretests, and surveys are examples of preparation homework.
Extension homework helps students take what they learn in class and connect it with real life. It requires students to transfer specific skills and concepts to new situations. Journal writing and conducting experiments at home are examples of extension homework.
Creative homework helps students integrate multiple concepts and promotes the development of critical thinking and problem solving skills. This type of homework often takes the form of open-ended questions and long term projects that allow students a choice.
Vacation Homework Guidelines
If your child will miss school for a significant amount of time, please let the teacher know before you leave. However, please be aware that teachers cannot accommodate requests for homework in advance. Missed homework will need to be made up upon return.
Responsibilities of Parents
• Provide a study area that is quiet, comfortable and free from disturbances.
• Set rules (when, where, how) for your child.
• Make available resource materials such as reference books, magazines, newspapers, and a dictionary.
• Assist the student with drill, such as learning how to spell.
• Check the finished product for neatness and legibility.
• Consider homework as non-negotiable (extracurricular activities should not interfere with timely completion of homework).
• Encourage reading for pleasure.
• Show confidence in your child’s ability; never do your child’s homework for him/her.
• Hold your child accountable for getting homework to and from school.
• Let the teacher know if your child is experiencing difficulty with the homework.
Responsibilities of Students
• Know homework assignments before leaving school.
• Take homework assignments and all necessary supplies home.
• Jot down a homework buddy's phone number to use if a day is missed or if there are questions.
• Spend the necessary time on homework each evening.
• Know that a best effort is demonstrating pride in homework.
• Seek help from parents only when needed.
• Submit finished homework to the teacher, neatly done and on time.
Responsibilities of Teachers
• Ensure homework assignments leave school with clear expectations.
• Share individual classroom homework expectations at Curriculum Night and in the first or second newsletter that is sent home.
• Plan homework that is meaningful and relates to specific instructional purposes.
• Make homework as interesting as possible.
• Plan homework tasks that are appropriate to studentsº ability levels.
• Give parents specific suggestions on how to help their children with homework.
• Give children a sufficient amount of homework as to meet the time guidelines for your grade.
• Check homework daily or as often as appropriate (for example, a long-term project would be checked on or around its due date).
• Provide students with feedback on their progress, or with comments that are specific to the assignments. This can occur as direct written comments on the assignments, as part of in-class discussions or through connections made with in-class assignments.