...Lady Sutherland and the Highland Clearances; Tragedy in the Name of Progress Composition: Mountain Landscape, by Elizabeth Leveson-Gower, Duchess-Countess of Sutherland, date unknown, Photo: © Tate, London 2013 In the time before the Jacobite Rebellions, landowners and clan chiefs were entrusted with safeguarding their tenants, the crofters. Life was hard for these crofters who farmed, raised cattle and horses, and whom their clan chief could call to military service at any time, but despite the hardships, this relationship was a reasonable compromise for most Highlanders. Revolutionary theories introduced during Scotland’s Age of Enlightenment in the 18th century would cause this traditional lifestyle to change dramatically. The adoption of agricultural advancements on the estate of the Countess of Sutherland in the early 1800s led to the displacement and death of many Highlanders, and mass migration to the colonies in the New World. The Jacobite uprisings and the subsequent retaliation by the English government had caused the deaths of countless Highlanders. The freedom of these hardy people was restricted due to the Acts of Proscription, enacted after the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745, which banned traditional Highland cultural practices upon penalty of imprisonment, indentured servitude, or execution. The English army had established a strong presence in the area to discourage more rebellion, maintaining garrisons across the...
The directions below are representative of what students will encounter on test day.
The essay gives you an opportunity to show how effectively you can read and comprehend a passage and write an essay analyzing the passage. In your essay, you should demonstrate that you have read the passage carefully, present a clear and logical analysis, and use language precisely.
Your essay must be written on the lines provided in your answer booklet; except for the planning page of the answer booklet, you will receive no other paper on which to write. You will have enough space if you write on every line, avoid wide margins, and keep your handwriting to a reasonable size. Remember that people who are not familiar with your handwriting will read what you write. Try to write or print so that what you are writing is legible to those readers.
You have 50 minutes to read the passage and write an essay in response to the prompt provided inside this booklet.
- Do not write your essay in this booklet. Only what you write on the lined pages of your answer booklet will be evaluated.
- An off-topic essay will not be evaluated.
The student responses provided in the following set illustrate common score combinations earned on the redesigned SAT. Each response has received a separate score for each of the three domains assessed: Reading, Analysis, and Writing. The scores are presented in order by domain directly preceding each sample essay. Scores for the samples provided below were assigned on a 1-4 scale according to the redesigned SAT Essay Scoring Rubric. It is important to note that although these are representative samples of student ability at each score point, the set itself does not exhaustively illustrate the range of skills in Reading, Analysis, and Writing associated with each score point.
Although all of the sample essays were handwritten by students, they are shown typed here for ease of reading. The essays have been typed exactly as each student wrote his or her essay, without corrections to spelling, punctuation, or paragraph breaks.
Practice using sample essay 1.
Practice using sample essay 2.
Learn more about how the essay is scored.