Katoria Mla Bibliography

List of newly elected MLA's of Bihar

Posted Date: |Updated: 26-Nov-2010 |Category: Bihar Jharkhand MPs & MLAs|Author: Vikram Vishal|Member Level: Gold|Points: 10 (Rs 4)|


Here is the list of new MLA's of Bihar who have been elected for representing the people of Bihar in Legislative Assembly

Bihar Assembly Elections have been concluded successfully. After counting result has been announced in favour of NDA alliance. The people of Bihar have elected Nitish Kumar to be their Chief Minister.
Here the list is provided about the MLA's who are elected for the 32nd Constituency

ASSEMBLY - WINNER

Agiaon - SHIVESH KUMAR
Alamnagar - NARENDRA N. YADAV
Alauli - RAM CHANDRA SADA
Alinagar - ABDUL BARI SIDDIQUI
Amarpur - JANARDAN MANJHI
Amnour - KRISHANA KUMAR
Amour - SABA ZAFAR
Araria - ZAKIR HUSSAIN KHAN
Arrah - AMRENDRA PRATAP SINGH
Arwal - CHITRANJAN KUMAR
Asthawan - JITENDRA KUMAR
Atri - KRISHNA NANDAN YADAV
Aurai - RAM SURAT RAI
Aurangabad - RAMADHAR SINGH
Babubarhi - UMA KANT YADAV
Bachhwara - ABDHESH KUMAR RAI
Bagaha - PRABHAT RANJAN SINGH
Bahadurganj - MOHAMMAD TOUSIF ALAM
Bahadurpur - MADAN SAHNI
Baikunthpur - MANJEET KUMAR SINGH
Baisi - SANTOSH KUMAR
Bajpatti - RANJU GEETA
Bakhri - RAMANAND RAM
Bakhtiarpur - ANIRUDDH KUMAR
Balrampur - DULAL CHANDRA GOSHWAMI
Baniapur - KEDAR NATH SINGH
Banka - JAVED IQBAL ANSARI
Bankipur - NITIN NABIN
Banmankhi - KRISHNA KUMAR RISHI
Barachatti - JYOTI DEVI
Barari - BIBHASHA CHANDRA CHOUDHARY
Barauli - RAM PRAVESH RAI
Barbigha - GAJANAND SHAHI
Barh - GYANENDRA KUMAR SINGH
Barhampur - DILMARNI DEVI
Barhara - RAGHWENDRA PRATAP SINGH
Barharia - SHYAM BAHADUR SINGH
Baruraj - BRIJ KISHOR SINGH
Bathnaha - DINKAR RAM
Begusarai - SURENDRA MEHTA
Belaganj - SURENDRA PRASAD YADAV
Beldaur - PANNALAL SINGH "PATEL"
Belhar - GIRIDHARI YADAV
Belsand - SUNITA SINGH
Benipatti - VINOD NARAIN JHA
Benipur - GOPAL JEE THAKUR
Bettiah - RENU DEVI
Bhabua - DR. PRAMOD KUMAR SINGH
Bhagalpur - ASHWINI KUMAR CHOUBEY
Bhorey - IDRADEO MAJHI
Bibhutpur - RAM BALAK SINGH
Bihariganj - RENU KUMARI
Biharsharif - DR. SUNIL KUMAR
Bihpur - KUMAR SHAILENDRA
Bikram - ANIL KUMAR
Bisfi - DR. FAIYAJ AHMAD
Bochaha - RAMAI RAM
Bodh gaya - SHYAM DEO PASWAN
Buxar - PROF. SUKHADA PANDE
Chainpur - BRIJ KISHOR VIND
Chakai - SUMIT KUMAR SINGH
Chanpatia - CHANDRA MOHAN RAI
Chapra - JANARDAN SINGH SIGRIWAL
Chenari - SHYAM BIHARI RAM
Cheria bariarpur - KUMARI MANJU VERMA
Chhatapur - NEERAJ KUMAR SINGH
Chiraia - AVANEESH KUMAR SINGH
Danapur - ASHA DEVI
Darauli - RAMAYAN MANJHI
Daraundha - JAGMATO DEVI
Darbhanga - SANJAY SARAOGI
Darbhanga Rural - LALIT KUMAR YADAV
Dehri - JYOTI RASHMI
Dhaka - PAWAN KUMAR JAISWAL
Dhamdaha - LESHI SINGH
Dhuraiya - MANISH KUMAR
Digha - PUNAM DEVI
Dinara - JAY KUMAR SINGH
Dumraon - DR. DAUD ALI
Ekma - MANORANJAN SINGH
Fatwah - DR. RAMANAND YADAV
Forbesganj - PADAM PARAG ROY 'VENU'
Gaighat - VEENA DEVI
Garkha - GYAN CHAND MANJHI
Gaya town - PREM KUMAR
Ghosi - RAHUL KUMAR
Gobindpur - KAUSHAL YADAV
Goh - DR. RANVIJAY KUMAR
Gopalganj - SUBAS SINGH
Gopalpur - NARENDRA KUMAR NIRAJ
Gora bauram - DR. IZHAR AHMAD
Goriyakothi - BHUMENDRA NARAYAN SINGH
Govindganj - MEENA DWIVEDI
Gurua - SURENDRA PRASAD SINHA
Hajipur - NITYANAND ROY
Harlakhi - SHALIGRAM YADAV
Harnaut - HARINARAYAN SINGH
Harsidhi - KRISHANA NANDAN PASWAN
Hasanpur - RAJ KUMAR RAY
Hathua - RAM SEWAK SINGH
Hayaghat - AMAR NATH GAMI
Hilsa - USHA SINHA
Hisua - ANIL SINGH
Imamganj - UDAY NARAIN CHOUDHARY
Islampur - RAJIB RANJAN
Jagdishpur - DINESH KUMAR SINGH
Jahanabad - ABHIRAM SHARMA
Jale - VIJAY KUMAR MISHRA
Jamalpur - SHAILESH KUMAR
Jamui - AJAY PRATAP
Jhajha - DAMODAR RAWAT
Jhanjharpur - NITISH MISHRA
Jokihat - SARFRAZ ALAM
Kadwa - BHOLA RAY
Kahalgaon - SADANAND SINGH
Kalyanpur - RAZIA KHATOON
Kalyanpur - RAMSEWAK HAZARI
Kanti - AJIT KUMAR
Karakat - RAJESHWAR RAJ
Kargahar - RAM DHANI SINGH
Kasba - MD. AFAQUE ALAM
Katihar - TAR KISHORE PRASAD
Katoria - SONELAL HEMBRAM
Keoti - ASHOK KUMAR YADAV
Kesaria - SACHINDRA PD. SINGH
Khagaria - POONAM DEVI YADAV
Khajauli - ARUN SHANKAR PRASAD
Kishanganj - DR MOHAMMAD JAWAID
Kochadhaman - AKHATARUL IMAN
Korha - MAHESH PASWAN
Kuchaikote - AMRENDRA KUMAR PANDEY
Kumhrarh - ARUN KUMAR SINHA
Kurhani - MANOJ KUMAR SINGH
Kurtha - SATYADEV SINGH
Kusheshwar asthan - SHASHI BHUSHAN HAJARI
Kutumba - LALAN RAM
Lakhisarai - VIJAY KUMAR SINHA
Lalganj - ANNU SHUKLA
Laukaha - HARI PRASAD SAH
Lauriya - VINAY BIHARI
Madhepura - CHANDRASHEKHAR
Madhuban - SHIVJEE RAI
Madhubani - RAM DEO MAHTO
Maharajganj - DAMODAR SINGH
Mahishi - DR ABDUL GAFOOR
Mahua - RAVINDRA RAY
Makhdumpur - JITAN RAM MANJHI
Maner - BHAI VIRENDRA
Manhar - DR. ACHYUATANAND
Manihari - MANOHAR PRASAD SINGH
Manjhi - GAUTAM SINGH
Marhaura - JITENDRA KUMAR RAI
Masaurhi - ARUN MANJHI
Matihani - NARENDRA KUMAR SINGH URF BOGO SINGH
Minapur - DINESH PRASAD
Mohania - CHHEDI PASWAN
Mohiuddinnagar - RANA GANGESHWAR SINGH
Mokama - ANANT KUMAR SINGH
Morwa - BAIDHNATH SAHANI
Motihari - PRAMOD KUMAR
Munger - ANANT KUMAR SATYARTHY
Muzaffarpur - SURESH KUMAR SHARMA
Nabinagar - VIRENDRA KUMAR SINGH
Nalanda - SHRAWON KUMAR
Narkatia - SHYAM BIHARI PRASAD
Narkatiaganj - SATISH CHANDRA DUBEY
Narpatganj - DEVANTI YADAV
Nathnagar - AJAI KUMAR MANDAL
Nautan - MANORMA PRASAD
Nawada - PURNIMA YADAV
Nirmali - ANIRUDDHA PRASAD YADAV
Nokha - RAMESHWAR PRASAD
Obra - SOMPRAKASH SINGH
Paliganj - DR. USHA VIDYARTHI
Parbatta - SAMRAT CHOUDHARY ALIAS RAKESH KUMAR
Parihar - RAM NARESH PR. YADAV.
Paroo - ASHOK KUMAR SINGH
Parsa - CHHOTELAL RAI
Patepur - MAHENDRA BAITHA
Patna Sahib - NAND KISHORE YADAV
Phulparas - GULJAR DEVI
Phulwari - SHYAM RAJAK
Pipra - AWADHESH PRASAD KUSHWAHA
Pipra - SUJATA DEVI
Pirpainti - AMAN KUMAR
Pranpur - BINOD KUMAR SINGH
Purnia - RAJ KISHORE KESHARI
Rafiganj - ASHOK KUMAR SINGH
Raghopur - SATISH KUMAR
Raghunathpur - VIKRAM KUNWAR
Raja pakar - SANJAY KUMAR
Rajauli - KANHAIYA KUMAR
Rajgir - SATYADEO NARAIN ARYA
Rajnagar - RAM LAKHAN RAM RAMAN
Rajpur - SANTOSH KUMAR NIRALA
Ramgarh - AMBIKA SINGH
Ramnagar - BHAGIRATHI DEVI
Raniganj - PARMANAND RISHIDEO
Raxaul - DR. AJAY KUMAR SINGH
Riga - MOTILAL PRASAD
Rosera - MANJU HAJARI
Runisaidpur - GUDDI DEVI
Rupauli - BIMA BHARTI
Saharsa - ALOK RANJAN
Sahebganj - RAJU KUMAR SINGH
Sahebpur kamal - PARVEEN AMANULLAH
Sakra - SURESH CHANCHAL
Samastipur - AKHTARUL ISLAM SAHIN
Sandesh - SANJAY SINGH (TIGER)
Sarairanjan - VIJAY KUMAR CHAUDHARY
Sasaram - JAWAHAR PRASAD
Shahpur - MUNNI DEVI
Sheikhpura - RANDHIR KUMAR SONI
Sheohar - SHARFUDDIN
Sherghati - VINOD PRASAD YADAV
Sikandra - RAMESHWAR PASWAN
Sikta - DILIP VARMA
Sikti - ANANDI PRASAD YADAV
Simri bakhtiarpur - DR ARUN KUMAR
Singheshwar - RAMESH RISHIDEV
Sitamarhi - SUNIL KUMAR ALIAS PINTU
Siwan - VYASDEO PRASAD
Sonbarsa - RATNESH SADA
Sonepur - VINAY KUMAR SINGH
Sugauli - RAMCHANDRA SAHANI
Sultanganj - SUBODH RAI
Supaul - BIJENDRA PRASAD YADAV
Sursand - SHAHID ALI KHAN
Suryagarha - PREM RANJAN PATEL
Taraiya - JANAK SINGH
Tarapur - NEETA CHOUDHARY
Tarari - NARENDRA KUMAR PANDEY ALIAS SUNIL PANDEY
Teghra - LALAN KU.
Thakurganj - NAUSHAD ALAM
Tikari - DR. ANIL KUMAR
Tribeniganj - AMLA DEVI
Ujiarpur - DURGA PRASAD SINGH
Vaishali - BRISHIN PATEL
Valmiki Nagar - RAJESH SINGH
Warisnagar - ASHOK KUMAR
Warsaliganj - PRADIP KUMAR
Wazirganj - VIRENDRA SINGH
Ziradei - ASHA DEVI


MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics

Summary:

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

Contributors: Tony Russell, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli, Russell Keck, Joshua M. Paiz, Michelle Campbell, Rodrigo Rodríguez-Fuentes, Daniel P. Kenzie, Susan Wegener, Maryam Ghafoor, Purdue OWL Staff
Last Edited: 2017-10-23 08:53:38

Guidelines for referring to the works of others in your text using MLA style are covered in chapter 6 of the MLA Handbook and in chapter 7 of the MLA Style Manual. Both books provide extensive examples, so it's a good idea to consult them if you want to become even more familiar with MLA guidelines or if you have a particular reference question.

Basic in-text citation rules

In MLA style, referring to the works of others in your text is done by using what is known as parenthetical citation. This method involves placing relevant source information in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase.

General Guidelines

  • The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends (1.) upon the source medium (e.g. Print, Web, DVD) and (2.) upon the source’s entry on the Works Cited (bibliography) page.
  • Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text, must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry in the Works Cited List.

In-text citations: Author-page style

MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example:

Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).

Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).

Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).

Both citations in the examples above, (263) and (Wordsworth 263), tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page 263 of a work by an author named Wordsworth. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information:

Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. Oxford UP, 1967.

In-text citations for print sources with known author

For Print sources like books, magazines, scholarly journal articles, and newspapers, provide a signal word or phrase (usually the author’s last name) and a page number. If you provide the signal word/phrase in the sentence, you do not need to include it in the parenthetical citation.

Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" (3).

Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" (Burke 3).

These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, which will be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of an entry in the Works Cited:

Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966.

In-text citations for print sources by a corporate author

When a source has a corporate author, it is acceptable to use the name of the corporation followed by the page number for the in-text citation. You should also use abbreviations (e.g., nat'l for national) where appropriate, so as to avoid interrupting the flow of reading with overly long parenthetical citations.

In-text citations for print sources with no known author

When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work (such as an article) or italicize it if it's a longer work (e.g. plays, books, television shows, entire Web sites) and provide a page number if it is available.

We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . . ." ("Impact of Global Warming").

In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title of the article appears in the parenthetical citation which corresponds to the full name of the article which appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry in the Works Cited. Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page. The Works Cited entry appears as follows:

"The Impact of Global Warming in North America." Global Warming: Early Signs. 1999. http://www.climatehotmap.org/. Accessed 23 Mar. 2009.

We'll learn how to make a Works Cited page in a bit, but right now it's important to know that parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work.

Author-page citation for classic and literary works with multiple editions

Page numbers are always required, but additional citation information can help literary scholars, who may have a different edition of a classic work like Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto. In such cases, give the page number of your edition (making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course) followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume (vol.), book (bk.), part (pt.), chapter (ch.), section (sec.), or paragraph (par.). For example:

Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles (79; ch. 1).

Citing authors with same last names

Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials (or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials) in your citation. For example:

Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children (R. Miller 12), others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration (A. Miller 46).

Citing a work by multiple authors

For a source with two authors, list the authors’ last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation:

Best and Marcus argue that one should read a text for what it says on its surface, rather than looking for some hidden meaning (9).

The authors claim that surface reading looks at what is “evident, perceptible, apprehensible in texts” (Best and Marcus 9).

Corresponding works cited entry:

Best, David, and Sharon Marcus. “Surface Reading: An Introduction.” Representations, vol. 108, no. 1, Fall 2009, pp. 1-21. JSTOR, doi:10.1525/rep.2009.108.1.1

For a source with three or more authors, list only the first author’s last name, and replace the additional names with et al.

According to Franck et al., “Current agricultural policies in the U.S. are contributing to the poor health of Americans” (327).

The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies (Franck et al. 327).

Corresponding works cited entry:

Franck, Caroline, et al. “Agricultural Subsidies and the American Obesity Epidemic.” American Journal of Preventative Medicine, vol. 45, no. 3, Sept. 2013, pp. 327-333.

Citing multiple works by the same author

If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks.

Citing two articles by the same author:

Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children ("Too Soon" 38), though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year ("Hand-Eye Development" 17).

Citing two books by the same author:

Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" (Write to Learn 6). Additionally, Murray argues that the purpose of writing is to "carry ideas and information from the mind of one person into the mind of another" (A Writer Teaches Writing 3).

Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers:

Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" (Elkins, "Visual Studies" 63).

Citing multivolume works

If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon. Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number(s). (If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses.)

. . . as Quintilian wrote in Institutio Oratoria (1: 14-17).

Citing the Bible

In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using (and underline or italicize the title), as each version varies in its translation, followed by book (do not italicize or underline), chapter and verse. For example:

Ezekiel saw "what seemed to be four living creatures," each with faces of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle (New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek. 1.5-10).

If future references employ the same edition of the Bible you’re using, list only the book, chapter, and verse in the parenthetical citation.

Citing indirect sources

Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited in another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd. in" to indicate the source you actually consulted. For example:

Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" (qtd. in Weisman 259).

Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will attempt to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source.

Citing non-print or sources from the Internet

With more and more scholarly work being posted on the Internet, you may have to cite research you have completed in virtual environments. While many sources on the Internet should not be used for scholarly work (reference the OWL's Evaluating Sources of Information resource), some Web sources are perfectly acceptable for research. When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source in your Works Cited.

Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers, but often, these sorts of entries do not require any sort of parenthetical citation at all. For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines:

  • Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (e.g. author name, article name, website name, film name).
  • You do not need to give paragraph numbers or page numbers based on your Web browser’s print preview function.
  • Unless you must list the Web site name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. Only provide partial URLs such as when the name of the site includes, for example, a domain name, like CNN.com or Forbes.com as opposed to writing out http://www.cnn.com or http://www.forbes.com.

Miscellaneous non-print sources

Werner Herzog's Fitzcarraldo stars Herzog's long-time film partner, Klaus Kinski. During the shooting of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their explosive relationship fostered a memorable and influential film.

During the presentation, Jane Yates stated that invention and pre-writing are areas of rhetoric that need more attention.

In the two examples above “Herzog” from the first entry and “Yates” from the second lead the reader to the first item each citation’s respective entry on the Works Cited page:

Herzog, Werner, dir. Fitzcarraldo. Perf. Klaus Kinski. Filmverlag der Autoren, 1982.

Yates, Jane. "Invention in Rhetoric and Composition." Gaps Addressed: Future Work in Rhetoric and Composition, CCCC, Palmer House Hilton, 2002.

Electronic sources

One online film critic stated that Fitzcarraldo "has become notorious for its near-failure and many obstacles" (Taylor, “Fitzcarraldo”).

The Purdue OWL is accessed by millions of users every year. Its "MLA Formatting and Style Guide" is one of the most popular resources (Russell et al.).

In the first example, the writer has chosen not to include the author name in-text; however, two entries from the same author appear in the Works Cited. Thus, the writer includes both the author’s last name and the article title in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader to the appropriate entry on the Works Cited page (see below). In the second example, “Russell et al.” in the parenthetical citation gives the reader an author name followed by the abbreviation “et al.,” meaning, “and others,” for the article “MLA Formatting and Style Guide.” Both corresponding Works Cited entries are as follows:

Taylor, Rumsey. "Fitzcarraldo." Slant, 13 Jun. 2003, www.slantmagazine.com/film/review/fitzcarraldo/.

Russell, Tony, et al. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The Purdue OWL, 2 Aug. 2016, owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/.

Multiple citations

To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:

. . . as has been discussed elsewhere (Burke 3; Dewey 21).

Time-based media sources

When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so (00:02:15-00:02:35).

When a citation is not needed

Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge. Remember, this is a rhetorical choice, based on audience. If you're writing for an expert audience of a scholarly journal, for example, they'll have different expectations of what constitutes common knowledge.

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