Gender Reassignment Therapy Australia Post

1. Reiner WG, Gearhart JP. Discordant sexual identity in some genetic males with cloacal exstrophy assigned to female sex at birth.N Engl J Med 2004;350:333-41. 10.1056/NEJMoa022236 [PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

2. Meyer-Bahlburg HF. Gender identity outcome in female-raised 46,XY persons with penile agenesis, cloacal exstrophy of the bladder, or penile ablation.Arch Sex Behav 2005;34:423-38. 10.1007/s10508-005-4342-9 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

3. Zhou JN, Hofman MA, Gooren LJ, et al. A sex difference in the human brain and its relation to transsexuality.Nature 1995;378:68-70. 10.1038/378068a0 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

4. Gates GJ. How Many People are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender? The Williams Institute, 2011.

5. Conron KJ, Scott G, Stowell GS, et al. Transgender health in Massachusetts: results from a household probability sample of adults.Am J Public Health 2012;102:118-22. 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300315 [PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

6. Leinung MC, Urizar MF, Patel N, et al. Endocrine treatment of transsexual persons: extensive personal experience.Endocr Pract 2013;19:644-50. 10.4158/EP12170.OR [PubMed][Cross Ref]

7. World Professional Association for Transgender Health. Standards of care for the health of transsexual, transgender, and gender nonconforming people. 7th ed; 2011. Available online: https://s3.amazonaws.com/amo_hub_content/Association140/files/Standards%20of%20Care%20V7%20-%202011%20WPATH%20(2)(1).pdf (Accessed on 10 May 2016).

8. Hembree WC, Cohen-Kettenis P, Delemarre-van de Waal HA, et al. Endocrine treatment of transsexual persons: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline.J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2009;94:3132-54. 10.1210/jc.2009-0345 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

9. Gardner IH, Safer JD. Progress on the road to better medical care for transgender patients.Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2013;20:553-8. 10.1097/01.med.0000436188.95351.4d [PubMed][Cross Ref]

10. Nakamura A, Watanabe M, Sugimoto M, et al. Dose-response analysis of testosterone replacement therapy in patients with female to male gender identity disorder.Endocr J 2013;60:275-81. 10.1507/endocrj.EJ12-0319 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

11. Giltay EJ, Gooren LJ. Effects of sex steroid deprivation/administration on hair growth and skin sebum production in transsexual males and females.J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2000;85:2913-21. 10.1210/jcem.85.8.6710 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

12. Dittrich R, Binder H, Cupisti S, et al. Endocrine treatment of male-to-female transsexuals using gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist.Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2005;113:586-92. 10.1055/s-2005-865900 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

13. Asscheman H, Giltay EJ, Megens JA, et al. A long-term follow-up study of mortality in transsexuals receiving treatment with cross-sex hormones.Eur J Endocrinol 2011;164:635-42. 10.1530/EJE-10-1038 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

14. Wilson R, Spiers A, Ewan J, et al. Effects of high dose oestrogen therapy on circulating inflammatory markers.Maturitas 2009;62:281-6. 10.1016/j.maturitas.2009.01.009 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

15. Gooren LJ, Giltay EJ, Bunck MC. Long-term treatment of transsexuals with cross-sex hormones: extensive personal experience.J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008;93:19-25. 10.1210/jc.2007-1809 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

16. Wierckx K, Mueller S, Weyers S, et al. Long-term evaluation of cross-sex hormone treatment in transsexual persons.J Sex Med 2012;9:2641-51. 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02876.x [PubMed][Cross Ref]

17. Irwig MS. Testosterone therapy for transgender men.Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2016. [Epub ahead of print]. 10.1016/S2213-8587(16)00036-X [PubMed][Cross Ref]

18. Costantino A, Cerpolini S, Alvisi S, et al. A prospective study on sexual function and mood in female-to-male transsexuals during testosterone administration and after sex reassignment surgery.J Sex Marital Ther 2013;39:321-35. 10.1080/0092623X.2012.736920 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

19. Gooren LJ. Management of female-to-male transgender persons: medical and surgical management, life expectancy.Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2014;21:233-8. 10.1097/MED.0000000000000064 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

20. Gorin-Lazard A, Baumstarck K, Boyer L, et al. Is hormonal therapy associated with better quality of life in transsexuals? A cross-sectional study.J Sex Med 2012;9:531-41. 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02564.x [PubMed][Cross Ref]

21. Kranz GS, Wadsak W, Kaufmann U, et al. High-Dose Testosterone Treatment Increases Serotonin Transporter Binding in Transgender People.Biol Psychiatry 2015;78:525-33. 10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.09.010 [PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

22. Savitz JB, Drevets WC. Neuroreceptor imaging in depression.Neurobiol Dis 2013;52:49-65. 10.1016/j.nbd.2012.06.001 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

23. Colizzi M, Costa R, Pace V, et al. Hormonal treatment reduces psychobiological distress in gender identity disorder, independently of the attachment style.J Sex Med 2013;10:3049-58. 10.1111/jsm.12155 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

24. Behre HM, Wang C, Handelsman DJ, et al. Pharmacology of testosterone prepartions. In: Nieschlag E, Behre HM. editors. Testosterone, action, deficiency, substitution. Cambridge University Press, 2004:405-44.

25. Callewaert F, Sinnesael M, Gielen E, et al. Skeletal sexual dimorphism: relative contribution of sex steroids, GH-IGF1, and mechanical loading.J Endocrinol 2010;207:127-34. 10.1677/JOE-10-0209 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

26. Van Caenegem E, Wierckx K, Taes Y, et al. Bone mass, bone geometry, and body composition in female-to-male transsexual persons after long-term cross-sex hormonal therapy.J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2012;97:2503-11. 10.1210/jc.2012-1187 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

27. Mueller A, Zollver H, Kronawitter D, et al. Body composition and bone mineral density in male-to-female transsexuals during cross-sex hormone therapy using gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist.Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2011;119:95-100. 10.1055/s-0030-1255074 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

28. Gooren LJ, Giltay EJ. Men and women, so different, so similar: observations from cross-sex hormone treatment of transsexual subjects.Andrologia 2014;46:570-5. 10.1111/and.12111 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

29. Wierckx K, Elaut E, Van Caenegem E, et al. Sexual desire in female-to-male transsexual persons: exploration of the role of testosterone administration.Eur J Endocrinol 2011;165:331-7. 10.1530/EJE-11-0250 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

30. Asscheman H, T'Sjoen G, Lemaire A, et al. Venous thrombo-embolism as a complication of cross-sex hormone treatment of male-to-female transsexual subjects: a review.Andrologia 2014;46:791-5. 10.1111/and.12150 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

31. Spack NP. Management of transgenderism.JAMA 2013;309:478-84. 10.1001/jama.2012.165234 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

32. Wierckx K, Elaut E, Declercq E, et al. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease and cancer during cross-sex hormone therapy in a large cohort of trans persons: a case-control study.Eur J Endocrinol 2013;169:471-8. 10.1530/EJE-13-0493 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

33. Roberts TK, Kraft CS, French D, et al. Interpreting laboratory results in transgender patients on hormone therapy.Am J Med 2014;127:159-62. 10.1016/j.amjmed.2013.10.009 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

34. Bockting WO, Miner MH, Swinburne Romine RE, et al. Stigma, mental health, and resilience in an online sample of the US transgender population.Am J Public Health 2013;103:943-51. 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301241 [PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

35. Sanchez NF, Sanchez JP, Danoff A. Health care utilization, barriers to care, and hormone usage among male-to-female transgender persons in New York City.Am J Public Health 2009;99:713-9. 10.2105/AJPH.2007.132035 [PMC free article][PubMed][Cross Ref]

36. Mepham N, Bouman WP, Arcelus J, et al. People with gender dysphoria who self-prescribe cross-sex hormones: prevalence, sources, and side effects knowledge.J Sex Med 2014;11:2995-3001. 10.1111/jsm.12691 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

37. de Haan G, Santos GM, Arayasirikul S, et al. Non-Prescribed Hormone Use and Barriers to Care for Transgender Women in San Francisco.LGBT Health 2015;2:313-23. 10.1089/lgbt.2014.0128 [PubMed][Cross Ref]

Email

Trans teenagers no longer need judge's approval for hormone therapy, court rules

Posted November 30, 2017 19:40:22

Teenagers with gender dysphoria will no longer have to apply to a judge to undergo hormone therapy, following a ruling by the Family Court.

The court today decided it would no longer intervene in cases where children have the permission of their parents and their treating doctors.

For 14-year-old Isabelle Langley, who was born a boy and is seeking hormone therapy, the ruling has lifted an enormous burden.

"I'm not sure how to express [how I feel]. It makes me immensely happy," Isabelle said.

"[The court process] was stressful having to think about it, and it would be very costly. It was very time consuming, it's a lot of effort which could be put into something else."

Isabelle's parents had hired a lawyer and began gathering medical evidence to justify her decision to live as a girl.

External Link: Transgender Family Court decision tweet

But now all she needs to do is consult with her doctors before deciding when she should start hormone treatment.

"I feel much less anxious and a little less scared of my body also. At least now I don't have to worry that it's going to attack me anymore," she said.

The court's ruling removes a final legal hurdle for countless other trans children, according to Anna Brown of the Human Rights Law Centre.

"Australia, we think, is the only jurisdiction in the world that had this situation, so we really were an outlier," Ms Brown said.

"We had this very bizarre legal anomaly that was really as a result of the case law being applied in a certain way by the Family Court.

"And really reflecting a lack of understanding about gender dysphoria and a lack of understanding about the medical evidence, which obviously the court has rectified now."

Hormone therapy not for everyone

But Ms Brown said children in state care and those whose parents object to their hormone treatment will still have to go to court.

"Just like other situations where there's a conflict between the parents regarding medical treatment for a young person or a child," she said.

"Those cases end up going to court in the end in some instances as well, so I think it's very appropriate that the court still has a role to play in those exceptional cases."

Michelle Telfer from the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne said it was not recommended everyone suffering gender dysphoria undergo hormone treatment.

"It's for those young people like [trans activist Georgie Stone] who feel absolutely compelled in their need to have treatment like they are being their authentic self," Dr Telfer said.

Dr Telfer also does not think the court's decision will see an increase in the number of trans children seeking treatment.

"Most young people that chose not to go to court simply start hormone treatment at 18," she added.

The NSW Department of Family and Community Services was the only party in the Family Court case that argued children should still ask the court's permission.

The NSW Minister for Family and Community Services, Pru Goward, was unavailable for an interview, but in a statement said: "I have great misgivings in the treatment of gender dysphoria in children and young people and feel we need to be very careful in the way this is managed."

Topics:courts-and-trials, family, children, australia

Categories: 1

0 Replies to “Gender Reassignment Therapy Australia Post”

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrĂ  pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *